3 Group Travel Tips You Should Know

If this is your first time to travel with your group of friends, you might want to read this first.

Planning a trip with your friends will probably be one of the most exciting parts of your vacation because you know you are spending a time with some of the best people you know. So you are expecting that there will be no shortage of ridiculous and laugh-out-loud moments. However, it does not exactly play out that way. Stress is inevitable while planning a trip where there are different interests involved. You all have to make sure that each one is not just getting along with the plan. Remember, this isn’t just your vacation, so you need to consider what places or activities your friends want to visit.

Fortunately, there are ways to avoid arguments and tensions rising during planning. Here are tips on how you can make your first group travel out of the country is the most memorable trip you will have.

Agree on a budget range

We all know travel involves a significant amount of money, so it is best to get it out of the way. Some people would say to pick a destination first, but given that this is your first group travel, it would be best if you decide on how much each is willing to spend for an out-of-the-country trip. Remember that there are countries that require you to purchase visas and travel insurance like Australia, Japan, Korea, and Europe. This means extra expenses on top of flight tickets, travel tax, accommodation, food, and other miscellaneous fees. This budget range will function as your parameters, a money total that you are all targeting to save up for.

You can set up a travel fund wherexpenses for minimal fees like cab rides or amusement park fees can be taken from. What you do is put in an agreed upon amount before and during your trip. If you have saved enough for the travel fund, you can even use it to pay for the travel tax.

Pick a destination

Before anything else, consider the size of the group. If there are more than 10 people in the group and you will only be gone for a week, you can be sure that not everyone’s interests will be given equal time. To remedy this, you can decide on the type of destination you want first. Is it a tropical beach destination or a ski destination? Afterwards, have each person name one activity or attraction they want to do and then vote for it. Activities that have the majority votes will be included in the itinerary. If you find that there is still room to squeeze in one or two more, you may choose from the ones that did not make the cut.

Make sure there is time to relax

A little downtime will do everyone good, so make sure it is included in the itinerary. You will be out and about early in the morning because you want to squeeze in as many activities, which means that by the end of the day, everyone might not have the energy to spend actual bonding time with each other. So make sure that you have included a plan to just lounge around, whether it is in a cafe, the beach, the swimming pool, or even just in the rooms. You can order lots of food and play lots of parlour games.

The last thing you want to do is nominate a travel leader who will make sure everything you need for this trip has been prepared. It will have to be someone who can work under pressure since there will be a lot of you they need to think about other than them. But make it easy for your friend by following your plans and ensuring travel documents and gear are packed and ready.

Follow these tips and you will surely avoid awkward travels with your friends. Enjoy!

Practical tips for Tyre safety

It should go without saying that your tyres are probably the most important feature on your car and should be taken care of accordingly. We recommend that you should check the condition of your tyres regularly (at least once a month). It is important to know the lifespan of your tyres, worn tyres can significantly impede the performance of your car. Driving with low tread depths can also reduce the effectiveness of braking, steering and acceleration, all of which are vital to the safety of yourself and your passengers. We have put our heads together and have come up with some practical tips you can do yourself to ensure the safety of your tyres.

What to check

There are various parts of your tyres that need to be check but we are going to begin with the basics. The first thing to check is the overall condition on your tyres including the inner and outer sidewalls. You should be checking for cuts and scrapes on the sidewalls. The next things to check would be the tyre tread depth and all the tyre pressures. It is a legal requirement to drive to the minimum required tread depth and tyre pressure, you’ll be risking points on your license if caught driving without the proper pressure and tread depth. The next step is to check for signs of irregular wear on all four tyres, depending on the tyre of sign of wear you find it might be caused by a greater issue.

Tyre Rotation

Tyre rotation is recommended at 10000 miles intervals to balance tyre wear and increase overall tyre life. Some tyres are position specific and should not be rotated, if unsure you might be better off looking in your owner’s manual for the manufactures recommendation. Vehicles fitted with different tyre sizes front and rear may only be rotated left to right. When rotating it is important to remember the directions they go; the front tyres should be moved to the back and the sides should be switched and the front tyres should be moved to the rear in opposite positions.


Driving with the incorrect tyre pressure increases the risk of losing control of your car whilst driving, it can also lead to the unnecessary and uneven wear of your tyres. It could also lead to the breakdown of the tyre walls construction. If underinflated, your tyres can start rolling on the rim which can in turn lead to loss of control especially at higher speeds. Overinflated tyres mean that the tyre isn’t fully in contact with the road and so there is less grip to the road. This will lead to your tyres wearing down more in the centre of the tyre which could then affect its overall lifespan.


Finally, you should always be aware of everything going on with your car. If you have owned your car for a long time, you should be familiar with the sounds, dents and everything else so if something new happens you should be able to recognise it as soon as possible.

Choosing the best tyres for your vehicle

Tyres are the only parts of your car that are in contact with the road, they are the only things keeping you on the road and not in the hedges which makes them critical to your car’s performance and safety. If you are driving in cold, wet or icy conditions then you are more likely to struggle but most drivers make this problem worse by not putting enough thought into the type of tyres to buy based on the type of car and driving style. We have come up with a guide for inexperienced drivers, we look at different tyre types and in what situation they can be most effective.

Tyre sizes

The first thing to consider is the size of your tyres. You can find this information on the wall of your tyres and in your owner’s manual, if done correctly the information should include the section width, aspect ratio, rim diameter, load rating and speed rating. The section width is the width of the tyre in millimetres, the aspect ratio is the ratio of the tyre’s width to height as a percentage. The rim diameter is the diameter of the rim which the tyre is to be fitter to and the load rating indicates the maximum load that each tyre can support individually. And finally, the speed rating shows the maximum speed at which the tyre can carry a load corresponding to its load rating.

Run flat Tyres

Run flat tyres are tyres that are designed specifically to maintain a car’s mobility when driving with a puncture. To achieve this, the tyres are fitted with thicker sidewalls which will continue to hold on to the weight of the car even when the air pressure inside drops. This feature allows the driver to continue driving until it is safer to pull over or head home (if close enough) and call a mobile tyre fitting team. When fitted and in the event of a puncture, the driver is alerted by a tyre pressure monitoring system in the car and if you check in your owner’s manual you’ll find instructions on what to do when you have a punctured tyre.

Fuel Efficiency

Fuel efficiency is the measure of the tyre’s rolling resistance or the amount of energy that is lost when the tyre is rolling. Normally, due to the constant deformation of a tyre the car can roll from just a little move to a dangerous level. A tyre with lower rolling resistance requires less energy to roll, will provide better fuel economy and will also have a higher energy rating. Many tyres manufacture now offer tyre models that are specifically designed to minimise rolling resistance to boost efficiency. You should be sure of the tyre of tyres you’ll be needing before investing in new ones, tyres are so expensive and just like your car as soon as you use it it’ll start to depreciate.

Finally, remember that even when you get the correct tyres for your car you still have to make sure that you are checking it regularly for cuts, bulges and dents as these could go on to affect the lifespan of the tyres and would also negatively affect your car.

How to Choose the Best Serviced Apartments in East Melbourne

Melbourne has a plethora of great attractions, meaning there’s certainly no shortage of things for visitors to the city to see and do. There are also a number of great suburbs to stay in while visiting Victoria’s largest city, and East Melbourne is one of these. Located conveniently close to the city centre and connected to the city’s easy-to-navigate tram network, the suburb has a range of accommodation options to choose from. In particular, serviced apartments in East Melbourne are a fantastic option for any traveller, as they offer great benefits that many other types of accommodation do not. This article will highlight what to look for when searching for serviced apartments East Melbourne wide and provide handy tips that will make finding the right place simple.


Finding serviced apartments that have a great reputation is essential. When you book a stay with a reputable provider of serviced apartments in East Melbourne – or any other suburb – you’re almost guaranteed a good experience. One of the best ways to learn about a company’s reputation is through word of mouth. If you know someone who has stayed at a particular serviced apartment in Melbourne, you can be sure that if they recommend it, it will be a good place to stay. Likewise, if the place they stayed at did not live up to their expectations, they certainly won’t be recommending it.

The bottom line is that people are generally not afraid to let you know exactly how they feel about a service they’ve paid for, so use this to your advantage and listen to what they have to say. If you’re looking for serviced apartments in East Melbourne and don’t know anyone who has been there, you can always look at online reviews to gain an insight into the company that’s providing the serviced apartment. When looking at reviews online, it’s important to do so with a critical eye, as it’s not always possible to know if all the reviews are real. Some companies can post fake positive reviews to make themselves look better than they actually are, while others can leave fake negative reviews for their competitors.


For most people, price will be a major factor when it comes to choosing the best serviced apartments in East Melbourne to rent. While price is important, it’s important to remember that the cheapest accommodation isn’t necessarily going to be the best. After all, you get what you pay for. Reputation and location are two other important factors that should be taken into consideration in addition to price.

In Summary

Reputation, location and price are all important factors to consider when you’re looking for serviced apartments in East Melbourne. By taking some time to carefully research all the serviced apartment options that are on offer, you’ll be able to make an informed decision and enjoy the benefits that come with staying in an apartment that provides excellent value for money while meeting all your needs.

How does the Ayurveda medicine help improve our health?

If you haven’t dealt with Ayurveda yet, then maybe this medicine will appear magical to you and even incomprehensible. This is so because although there are already enough Ayurveda centers in our country where good specialists work, we are used to trust the drugs of the modern western medicine and it’s difficult for us to accept alternative methods of healing (especially if they are full of incomprehensible for us terms). But actually…

What is Ayurveda?

Ayurveda is a holistic medicine that originates in India more than 3,000 – 5,000 years ago. The name of this alternative medicine comes from Sanskrit and literally means “science of health/life”. Unlike the medicine we know and which cures the illness after it has already appeared, Ayurvedic medicine is aimed at preventing the causes that could lead to the illness.

What is the Ayurveda philosophy?

Vedic science accepts that everything around us including ourselves is built from five elements – air, fire, water, earth and ether. During our birth these base elements are grouped in a way according to which we carry one of the three main energies (doshas) – Vata, Pitta and Kapha.

Vata dosha – connects the elements wind and ether and controls the body movements. When Vita dosha is unbalanced it could lead to dehydration, difficulty in breathing, etc.

Pitta dosha – controls metabolism and concentration. This dosha is connected to fire. Eating disturbances, anger and excitement display, etc. are observed when Pitta dosha is unbalanced.

Kapha – associated to earth and water and controls bones, muscles and cells in the body structure. An increased number of colds, weight gain, etc. are observed when this dosha is unbalanced.

Ever since our birth these three energies are ordered in our body. However, it’s always one or two of them that dominate and influence our health and development.

This “ordering” of the energies is called “Prakriti” and depending on which the dominating energies are in “Prakriti” (nature) it is determined what our nature will be, what will make us unique, what our physical and psychological characteristics will be. In other words, “Prakriti” is something like our “biological passport”.

How does the Ayurveda medicine help improve our health?

Ayurveda sees the human being as an inextricably linked whole – body, soul an mind. If any of the elements of which the whole is composed is disrupted, then symptoms and illnesses manifest that come to show us that something is not right and that somewhere the balance has been disrupted.

In order to restore the balance Ayurveda medicine applies different holistic therapies that will cleanse the bodies of the accumulated toxins and the mind of the problems, anger or depressions which prevent a person to enjoy life.

Popular and effective Ayurvedic therapies

*Panchakarma – this ayurvedic therapy aims at cleaning the body from the accumulated toxins and slags in it. It is performed in five stages and it’s extremely effective both for the normal functioning of the body and for stimulating of the brain activity. Panchakarma cures physical illnesses such as asthma, skin diseases, eating problems, rhinitis, sinusitis, etc.

*Marma therapy

This therapy is a type of massage during which specific points (marma) are massaged. Marma therapy helps the body to recover, clean out the accumulated stress and tiredness, helps with back, neck and head problems, influences the circulation of the blood.


This is a type of massage of the foot with herbal oil. There are points located on the foot that are directly connected to the body organs. With the help of this massage immunity is increased, insomnia is cured, metabolism is accelerated, PMS is milder and painless.

*Kati Basti

Therapeutic massage of the lower part of the back. Kati Basti helps with sciatica, abdominal pain, problems with the reproductive capacity.

Frequently Asked Questions about Studying Down Under

If you are hoping to see the world while gaining an education at the same time, then you may want to consider a study abroad in Australia program. Most students do this when they are in their sophomore or junior year, completing credits towards their chosen major. The majority of students also only do this for one semester.

Completing a semester down under basically means that you complete credits at a different university and transfer those back to your own. It is very important, therefore, that you check with your own university whether the credits offered can be transferred. For instance, in Australia, a lot of courses only last a few weeks rather than an entire semester. The result of this is that the course may not be accepted unless you complete more education on the matter as well.

There are a lot of programs available that help students complete a semester or more of studies abroad in locations like Australia and New Zealand. So many, in fact, that you may find it quite confusing to choose the one to use. You can narrow your options down somewhat by focusing on a specific country or, even better, on a specific school. Furthermore, the following frequently asked questions may also help you gain a greater understanding of what studying abroad really means.

What Does it Mean to Study Abroad?

When you study abroad, you essentially enroll into a university in a different country. However, rather than enrolling for the full degree program, in which you would just be a regular student, you enroll only in a number of credits. While a lot of that is an adventure and fun, you do have to be realistic about the fact that you are there to study. You can fail just as you can in this country, but it will have a more significant impact because you will not be able to retake your classes unless you stay even longer. Plus, this would also mean losing out on a significant financial investment.

Where Can I Go?

If you want to study abroad, you can quite literally go all over the world. Australia and New Zealand are particularly popular destinations. One of the reasons for that is because the school’s use English as a first language (although the spelling is slightly different!), making it easier to integrate. Furthermore, the educational standards Down Under are very similar to those in this country.

Is Studying Abroad a Good Idea?

When you spend a semester at a school in a foreign country, you will gain some very significant benefits. The greatest is perhaps the fact that you will grow personally, gaining experience of different cultures and ways of life. This, in turn, is something you can easily apply to your professional life when you complete your studies. The world is becoming smaller and businesses now have contacts the world over. By studying abroad, you put yourself apart as someone who has excellent experience in this.

When Can I Go?

Most students complete a study abroad program during a junior year. However, you can go at any time during your study. That being said, junior and sophomore years are probably the best because the programs tend to be more aligned, since the introductory period is over. You also have to decide how long you want to go, which is something only you can decide.

Where in Europe Can You See the Best Superyachts?

May to September is the time of year when you can head to any of the popular ports in Europe and rub shoulders with the rich and famous. After September, these people head over to the Caribbean instead. They do so with their superyachts, which are fantastic vessels with unimaginable features to enjoy. During the day, they often sail out, enjoying the opportunity to be out at sea, to scuba dive, or to ride their jet skis. However, in the evening, they will get back to the ports to relax. So where should you go if you want to be part of this world?

St Tropez

By far the best spot to go to is St Tropez. Best of all, you can really become part of this little world by looking for affordable St Tropez yacht rentals yourself. This jewel of the French Riviera is on the south coast. Started as a small fishing village, it is now the Mecca of the rich and famous. 1,050 vessels can moor here, but the bay can also hold a lot of other yachts, something that many people choose to do on warm months. The 58m Austal yacht Outback, the 68m luxurious CRN Alwaeli, and the 52m Golden Yachts O’Neiro are just some of the yachts that can be found there.


Antibes is one of the French Rivier’s largest ports, if not the world. There are two main parts to the harbor, with the inner one holding hundreds of yachts. The outer harbor, meanwhile, holds the superyachts. However, if the inner harbor is filled to capacity, smaller vessels may also go to the outer part. Some of the superyachts you can find here include the 75m opulent Anastasi, the Ecstasea (one of the superyachts Roman Abramovich owns), and the 126m Octopus, which currently belongs to Paul Allen, Microsoft’s co-founder.


Barcelona is also a very popular destination for owners of superyachts. Found on the northwestern corner of Spain, the city has recently pumped a 33 million Euro investment into the Villanova Grand Marina, described as a “true 21st century marina”. This is one of the only marinas in the world designed specifically for superyachts, and particularly those of 80m in length or more. There are 49 moorings for these types of vessels. The 80m Amevia Oceanco yacht and the 60m Paraffin Feadship superyacht are just two of the ships that have already moored here.

The world is a big playground for the rich and famous who have the ability to own superyachts. However, you can get a little taste of that lifestyle yourself by renting a yacht, even if it is just for a day. Or, if that is out of your budget, you have the opportunity to visit any of these port towns and simply soak in the atmosphere. Interestingly, St Tropez, Antibes, and Barcelona can be visited with a shoestring budget as well. So long as you know where to go, you can enjoy being part of high society without the associated price tag.

Detox Your Body Using Fruit Juices

Have you tried a lot of diet techniques and none of them seemed to work? If you are tired of starving yourself, try a fruit juice diet. This is not necessarily the kind of diet technique that you have to do all the time. You just need to do it every now and then. For instance, you can do a fruit juice diet for 3 days in a month. During this period, you will cleanse your body. You will flush out all the toxins that may cause illnesses and even weight gain.

Going for this diet is like starting over again. You will have a clean slate once you are done since you will have removed the toxins from your body. Besides, you won’t feel like you are being starved or punished. As long as you stick with organic fruit juices, it won’t be a problem. You have tons of options to choose from. Find one that you really love and you won’t have a hard time finishing this diet.

Stay disciplined

Unlike other types of diet that you have to do forever, this technique doesn’t have to be done all the time. It means that for a couple of days a week, you have to be disciplined. It might be tempting to stop pushing through until the end, but imagine the benefits that you will get from it. Besides, once you are done with this fruit juice diet, you can go back to your regular diet. Of course, you should still opt for healthier dishes, but at least you will no longer be depriving yourself like with other diets.

Look for organic juice

The problem with other forms of diet is that you might have a hard time searching for what you need. The types of food that you want might not be available locally. Some others have to be prepared. If you don’t cook, it could be a problem. For a fruit juice diet, you only need to buy organic juices. As long as they don’t use chemicals or preservatives, you can buy them. You may also find the best local juice manufacturer so you can get assurance that you are drinking something healthy and toxin-free.

It feels great

Once you are done with this diet, you will surely feel great. You might have avoided the food that you want for a few days, but it feels like you have been reborn. If going through this diet keeps you from being sick, it is worth doing. You can do it over and over again, especially if you feel like you have abused your body. Start now and see the results in no time.

Image via (John Kosawa)

Crimes That can and Can’t Get Pardoned in Canada

A pardon, also called as record suspension, separates a criminal record committed by an offender from other criminal records. Convicted offenders can also gain a pardon from a certain crime they committed as well. Any search by the Canadian Police Information Center will not show the pardoned crimes that you have committed, too.

Learning and separating pardoned crimes from those that cannot be pardoned can let you understand the offences which can lead to a permanent record. Note that a permanent criminal record can hinder you from doing certain activities like travelling, acquiring certain documents, or even gaining employment.

Criminal Offences with Pardon

Firstly, the Parole Board can propose to deny the application for parole. Thus, it will take 2 years to process the pardon when this happens. Here are the criminal records that can be pardoned:

Summary Offences are crimes indicated in common law jurisdictions that can be summarily proceeded without the need to have a right to a jury. It also doesn’t need indictment, unlike indictable offences. The average time it takes to get a pardon for summary offences lasts six months. Also, all summary offences in Canada have a maximum of 6 months imprisonment. Here are the common crimes under summary offences:

  1. Importing or exporting items for illegal drug use

  2. Disturb religious worship

  3. Nudity

  4. Causing a Disturbance

  5. Falsifying employment record

  6. Unlawful timber marks dealings

  7. Use of DNA analysis for improper purposes

  8. Creating likeness of bank notes

  9. Prize fights

  10. Carrying weapons while attending a public meeting

Indictable Offences are crimes with indictments after the preliminary hearing has concluded. The indictment determines if there is a case to answer or if a grand jury is needed. The offences that have indictments vary in terms of minimum and maximum imprisonment time. Most of the indictable offences have pardons that can be denied, while others cannot be pardoned. Crimes under indictable offences have a parole process for one year.

Crimes that have a maximum two years life imprisonment are:

  1. Possession of forged passport

  2. Keeping gaming or betting houses

  3. Concealing body of a child

  4. Unlawful solemnization of marriage

  5. Supplying noxious item to produce miscarriage

  6. Females aborting pregnancy

Crimes with a maximum of 7 years imprisonment are:

  1. Holding riots

  2. Fraudulent use of citizenship certificate

  3. Extortion by libel

  4. False affidavits

  5. Permitting or assisting escape

  6. Corrupting children

  7. Spreading false news

  8. Common nuisance

  9. Possession of illegal wiretapping equipment

  10. Placing bets for others

Common crimes with a maximum of 10 years imprisonment are:

  1. Terrorism

  2. Weapons trafficking

  3. Possession of unauthorised firearm

  4. Sabotaging

  5. Dangerous operation of vehicles that can cause bodily harm

  6. Parents or guardians procuring sexual activity under 16

  7. Theft of cattle

  8. Aggravated assault

  9. Destroying title documents

Crimes with a maximum of 14 years imprisonment are:

  1. Facilitating terrorist activity

  2. Use of firearm in commission of lower or similar offences

  3. Discharging firearms with intent to wound

  4. Commission of offence for criminal organisations

  5. Sexual assault with unrestricted firearms

  6. Sexual interference

  7. Child pornography

  8. Treason

Criminal Offences Without Pardon

These offences are grave enough to remove the invocation of a pardon by the Parole Board. As mentioned above, non-pardoned crimes are indictable offences. There are also some situations where some pardons can be denied, or delayed for two years. The criminal offences that cannot be pardoned can get an offender imprisoned for life.

Final Thoughts

Always be aware of the following crimes as it will make you more knowledgeable on the activities to avoid upon travelling in Canada. Remember that ignorance of the law is never an excuse for anyone. Thus, learning a bit of criminal law is critically urgent for everyone traveling or staying in Canada.

Hemp Fuel

The Fundamentals: Two years of fuel can be gotten from hemp

Hemp ethanol/methanol- Gotten from the fermentation of stalk

Hemp Biodiesel-Gotten from the oil of the hemp seed when pressed.

Furthermore, woody/pulp matter is used in the production of methanol also known as wood alcohol while forest products, waste paper, grain sorghum, sugar crops (sweet sorghum and sugar cane) and various starch sources such as wheat, potatoes, barley, and cornare used in the production of ethanol. Ethanol alongside methanol can be gotten from hemp through procedures such as gasification and acid hydrolysis. The production of hemp ethanol is now very expedient because it isa form of fuel that can help us avoid oil wars, oil spills, and peak oil. It has been discovered that hemp is the most economically friendly fuel that can be grown on a scale large enough to cater for the needs of the world.

It is believed that the fact that the production of oil is threatened by hemp could be one reason both hemp and alcohol are prohibited.

What is Hemp Biodiesel?

Hemp Biodiesel refers to a broad group of ester-based oxygenated fuels that are gotten from hemp. In1895 the first diesel engine to run on vegetable oil was developed by Dr. Rudolf Diesel. The first ever engine run by vegetable oil was exhibited by Dr. Rudolf Diesel in a World Exhibition held in Paris, France. In this exhibition which took place in 1900, Dr. Rudolf Diesel made use of peanut oil as fuel. This act gave birth to the use of vegetable oil as engine fuel. Usually, the processing of hemp seed to get oil is used to make hemp fuel.

Quite some people consider hemp biodiesel a solution to the world’s fuel issues. This is because hemp biodiesel in addition to being domestically produced has acquired a level of road success in the United States.

WhyChoose Hemp Biodiesel?

The trio of the Department of Defense, US Department of Agriculture and the Congressional Budget Office have chosen biodiesel as alow-cost alternative fuel option for fleets if the requirements of the Energy Policy Act must be met.

In addition to being 11% oxygen by weight, biodiesel does not contain sulfur

Of all alternative fuels, only biodiesel can run in an unmodified diesel engine.

Biodiesel can be gottenfromoilseed crops like hemp. These crops can be easily gotten domestically. Thisis, therefore, a good reason to make use of hemp biodiesel.

The smell of hemp or popcorn becomes a replacement for the odor of petroleum diesel when biodiesel is used in diesel engines.This simply means with the use of hemp biodiesel; you do not have to get worried about any toxic smell.

Biodiesel is good for the lifespan of diesel engines as it has a lubricating effect which is lacking in petroleum diesel fuel.

Biodiesel has been successfully used in Europe for over 20 years and has covered 30 million US road miles

Biodiesel is known to be very biodegradable, considered to be less noxious than table salt,possesses a flash point of 300F. As a result of this, it does not pose any threat when handled.In addition to all these attributes, biodiesel can be conveniently stored in the same place petroleum diesel fuel is stored.Thismeans it can be transported and stored safely.

Biodiesel has completed the EPA Tier I Health Effects Testing under section 211(b) of the clean air act. It happens to be the only alternative fuel to have completed it at the moment.

Brought to you by the editorial team of